Allah Ta’ala has granted us human beings with innumerable blessings and bounties. He has made us the best of creation and made other creations subservient to us.

From a question posed by readers on the permissability to eat kangaroos (see post here), second year student of DarulIftaa in the UK, Maulana Saanwal ibn Muhammad has published a lists of Halal and Haram animals according to the Hanafi madhab.

Below is the detailed; albeit not extensive; chart of Halal and Haram animals in alphabetical order according to the Hanafi madhab based on the above-mentioned principles:

Halal – Permissible To Consume
  • Addax
  • Albatross
  • All types of samak (fish)
  • Alpaca
  • Anglerfish
  • Antelope
  • Argali
  • Barracuda
  • Birds without talons
  • Bison
  • Blackbird
  • Budgerigar
  • Buffalo
  • Bustard
  • Camels
  • Catfish
  • Chicken
  • Cormorant
  • Cow
  • Crane
  • Deer
  • Dogfish
  • Dove
  • Duck
  • Eels
  • Egret
  • Eland
  • Finch
  • Flamingo
  • Francolin
  • Gazelle
  • Geese
  • Gemsbok
  • Giraffe
  • Goat
  • Grebe
  • Gull
  • Hagfish
  • Hares
  • Heron
  • Hoopoe
  • Ibex
  • Ibis
  • Kangaroo
  • Kingfisher
  • Lamb
  • Llama
  • Locust
  • Loon
  • Mackerel
  • Magpie
  • Manta ray
  • Martlet
  • Moorhen
  • Moose
  • Nightingale
  • Oryx
  • Ostrich
  • Ox
  • Parrot
  • Partridge
  • Peacock
  • Pelican
  • Penguin
  • Petrel
  • Pigeon
  • Pika
  • Pike
  • Puffin
  • Quail
  • Rabbit
  • Reindeer
  • Ringdove/ woodpigeon
  • Roebuck
  • Roller
  • Rooster
  • Shark
  • Shearwater
  • Sheep
  • Small birds (sparrow, swallow, finch)
  • Snipe
  • Spoonbill
  • Springbok
  • Stag
  • Starling
  • Stingrays
  • Stork
  • Swan
  • Tern
  • Tern/ sea swallow
  • Thrush
  • Trout
  • Turkey
  • Turtledove
  • Wallaby
  • Waterbuck
  • Wildebeest
  • Wren
  • Zebra
Haram – Impermissible To Consume
  • Aardvark
  • Alligator
  • Animals that live underground/ ‘burrow?’
  • Ant
  • Anteater
  • Any sea animal other than ‘samak’ (fish)
  • Ape
  • Armadillo
  • Badger
  • Barnacle
  • Beaver
  • Bee
  • Beetle
  • Bilby
  • Birds with talons that use them to hunt
  • Black bear
  • Butterfly
  • Caecilians
  • Capybara
  • Cat
  • Caterpillar
  • Centipede
  • Chameleon
  • Cheetah
  • Chimpanzee
  • Chinchilla
  • Chipmunk
  • Cicada
  • Clam
  • Coati
  • Cockle
  • Cockroach
  • Cony
  • Cougar
  • Coyote
  • Coypu
  • Crab
  • Crawfish
  • Crayfish
  • Creepy crawlies – insects – bugs
  • Crocodile
  • Crow/ all birds that eat beef only
  • Cuttlefish
  • Dingo
  • Dog
  • Dolphin
  • Donkey
  • Dormouse
  • Dragonfly
  • Dugong
  • Eagle
  • Earwig
  • Elephant
  • Ermine
  • Falcon
  • Fennec
  • Flea
  • Fly
  • Fox
  • Frog
  • Gecko
  • Gerbil
  • Gharial
  • Glede
  • Gopher
  • Gorilla
  • Grasshopper
  • Grizzly bear
  • Groundhog
  • Hamster
  • Harrier
  • Hawk
  • Hedgehog
  • Hippopotamus
  • Hornet
  • Hyena
  • Iguana
  • Jackal
  • Jaguar
  • Jellyfish
  • Jerboa
  • Kinkajou
  • Kite
  • Kitten
  • Komodo dragon
  • Krill
  • Ladybird
  • Leopard
  • Lice
  • Lion
  • Lizard
  • Lobster
  • Lynx
  • Mandrill
  • Marten
  • Mayfly
  • Mice
  • Millipede
  • Mink
  • Mole
  • Mongoose
  • Monkey
  • Mosquito
  • Moth
  • Mule
  • Muskrat
  • Mussel
  • Newt
  • Nutria
  • Octopus
  • Opossum
  • Orang-utan
  • Owl
  • Oyster
  • Panther
  • Peccary
  • Periwinkle
  • Pig
  • Pika
  • Polar bear
  • Porcupine
  • Praire dog
  • Racoon
  • Rat
  • Rodents
  • Sable
  • Salamander
  • Sannakji
  • Scallop
  • Scorpion
  • Sea snail
  • Sea squirt
  • Sea urchin
  • Seal
  • Shrew
  • Skunk
  • Slug
  • Snail
  • Snake
  • Spider
  • Sponge
  • Squid
  • Squirrel
  • Starfish
  • Stoat
  • Termite
  • Tick
  • Tiger
  • Toad
  • Tortoise/ turtle
  • Vermin/ pests
  • Vole
  • Vulture
  • Walrus
  • Wasp
  • Weasel
  • Whelk
  • White abalone
  • Wolf
  • Wood louse
  • Worm

For the full dalil (evidence) behind the above ruling, please view the full report here or download the pdf copy here.

Also, please check out Darul Iftaa’s Facebook Page.

15 Responses

    • Maryam

      I don’t know who to ask, Is fish oil haram to take because it has gelatin?
      a lot of medications contains alcohol – are those haram?

      • Kamarul Aznam

        Salaam Maryam. Thanks for the questions. I have decided that I won’t answer fiqh questions as I’m not qualified, but I’ll point you to the right direction in hope that you will do your own research and make your own personal ijtihad.

        Regarding gelatin, the key term for you to check is istihala, or change of state. The imminent scholar Yusuf Qaradawi is one of its proponents.

        Regarding medications, which contains not just alcohol but also many internal parts from pigs (check out this book), there is the darurah excuse to survive, as there is little or no halal alternative for medicines. But I am not saying go ahead and indulge, just be wary of the consequences, in this life and the next.

        Allah knows best.

  1. Anonymous

    Just wondering… Howbout crab and snail? Non halal? Really? Any snail?

  2. kareem

    i was under the impression quid, cuttlefish as well as a few other animals on the “haram” list were halal according to al-maa’idah 5:96. would you please clarify this for me. many thanks in advance. peace be upon you.

  3. khadija javed

    How can all the shellfish be haram and eating shark meat halal? I thought eating a animal that eat meat is haram

  4. Yusuf

    How is squirrel haram? All they eat are nuts and berries.

  5. Ismail

    Plz informed me animal lama glama o llamo is halal for sacrifice in eid azha

  6. Jamilah Jawahir Mohd Bakeri

    I am just wondering what is the explanation behind the Haram for eating ‘any other sea animal except of fish (samak). What about the shellfish, oyster, cuttlefish, crab, jellyfish etc? If all these are Haram to consume, please justify your reason and provide me with evidence from Quranic verses. And shark meat is Halal to consume? I thought shark falls under predator animal, with sharp teeth and we cannot consume those animals under this category?

  7. Mohammad

    what about the markhor could anyone tell me if it is haram or not. i mean it is a goat but it eats snakes then spits them out. so what is it. halal or haram?

  8. Nog

    Mualana study again/more there are some mentioned Helal but they are not. but condition if required to survive Only.

  9. amanda

    you can eat anything in the ocean!!!!